Reddit engineer, Rahul, highlights the social media platform’s efforts to improve user interaction through various cryptocurrency initiatives.

American social media giant Reddit may soon convert users’ karma points into Ethereum-based (ERC-20) tokens and onboard 500 million new crypto users in the process, according to a newly hired Reddit engineer.

A series of tweets made by Reddit engineer, Rahul, highlights Reddit’s efforts to improve user interaction through various cryptocurrency initiatives. As Cointelegraph reported in July 2021, the platform had launched its own layer-two rollup using Arbitrum technology for its rewards points, named Community Points.

We see this dynamic enshrined in the way consultants are regularly deployed to redesign spaces in communities they are often wholly unfamiliar with and the exclusion from the process of those with local expertise until well after all of the major decisions have already been made.

These kinds of barriers to critical analysis around infrastructure and the limits on participation in planning they create are deeply problematic. At the very moment that urbanists and livability enthusiasts are sizing up lower-income communities of color like they are the last frontier in urban planning, too few have stopped to ask about the consequences of the policies they champion.

This way, you avoid an unbounded recursion that can endlessly consume empty tokens.

Other points:

Always use phrase/2 to access DCGs in a portable way, i.e., independent of the actual implementation method used by any particular Prolog system.

The [] in the final DCG clause is superfluous, you can simply remove it.

Also, avoid using so many !/0. It is OK to commit to the first matching tokenization, but do it only at a single place, like via a once/1 wrapped around the phrase/2 call.

For naming, see my comment above. I recommend to use tokens//1 to make this more declarative.
Sample queries, using the above definition of symbol//1:

?- phrase(tokens(Ts), “”). Ts = []. ?- phrase(tokens(Ls), “a”). Ls = [tkSym([97])]. ?- phrase(tokens(Ls), “a b”). Ls = [tkSym([97]), tkSym([98])].

To says tokenize points onboard news

Given the bike policy community’s focus on engineering and street design, Lugo tells me, there is a “huge” professionalized human infrastructure extending well beyond the League that has grown up waging battles with departments of transportation to secure funding for infrastructure-based studies and the redesigning of the public space.

“It is the bread and butter of a lot of people.”

Which is not to say that the prioritization of infrastructure is the wrong approach. But when it overshadows all else, it leaves very little room to explore the links between infrastructure placement and, say, wealth inequalities.

Moreover, in valuing formal knowledge of infrastructure planning and engineering, this approach essentially devalues more contextual knowledge grounded in understandings of how the communities expected to benefit from particular interventions actually function.

And when you couple that lack of space with the limit on the number of times that people wish to be told by a cis white male and able-bodied-dominated community how they, as members of marginalized communities, should think about their own experiences and needs or those of the people they represent, then it is easy to see why now is a good a time as any to untokenize active transportation.

“We Can’t Do this Work for You” Back at the CalBike summit, I had watched the room filled with mostly white advocates leap to their feet to give Tamika Butler, Executive Director of the Los Angeles County Bicycle Coalition, a standing ovation.

It was more than well-deserved.

League grapple with what equity meant and to better connect the organization with the diverse communities it served.

But not only did Lugo, the Initiative’s first and only Manager, find the League largely unwilling and unready to move in the direction it had asked her to forge, it was clear that it was not going to be ready at any point in the near future, either.

Instead, she said of her departure in 2015, “[I] had to just accept that this organization had taken on this [equity] project without doing a comprehensive and all-hands-on-deck analysis of what it was that they were taking on…and concluded I could not actually get this work done based on the conditions I was experiencing in the organization.”

The Initiative has lain fallow ever since.

Using the installation of amenities in a historically disenfranchised lower-income community of color as an example, I had explained how chronic insecurity in the public space – generated thanks to decades of disinvestment, discrimination, suppressive policing, and denial of opportunity – meant that many residents were still unable to access these “improvements.” Our stories about mobility, I concluded, must therefore also address questions of access, equity, justice, and a wider range of barriers in order to be truly inclusive.

At no point did I ever offer support for the artificial and highly problematic construct of “black-on-black violence.”

And yet, here was this white gentleman in front of me, congratulating me for having done so.

The advocates of color I spoke with afterwards had understood exactly what I was going for.

Lugo says she is particularly pleased about the possibility of a national platform defining equity and exploring related elements (gentrification, just streets, community development, etc.) as they tie in to mobility and justice. The environmental justice movement took that approach in 1991, laying out a Preamble and 17 core principles that gave the nascent movement a stronger foundation from which to grow.

“In terms of creating a discourse of bicycle justice that is rooted in environmental justice and transportation justice framework, it makes sense to get a bunch of people together and start drafting…our principles.

Do we call this thing a summit? A gathering? How can we avoid “equity-washing”? Does using justice/just-us language inappropriately co-opt civil rights language? Do we push the boundaries on existing terms or concepts or create new ones altogether? What language and tools do we deploy to ensure the folks that need to be in the room are able to be there? Can we scrap a one-way transfer-of-knowledge approach in favor of collaborative conversations? How do we ensure everyone’s contributions are synthesized in the platform produced? How can we support each other in situations where tokenization is the norm? Is this effort sustainable if it is about power-sharing, collaboration, and intersectionality, and not all that funder-friendly? Where do we go from here?

We still don’t have all the answers to these and a host of other questions.

What are the things that are common in our approach to this work?”

“That’s the thing that’s lacking,” she muses: guiding foundational principles, definitions, frameworks, objectives, and even data that could help shape a larger vision of what equity and justice in mobility mean in theory and practice.

Not that she expects Untokening attendees will arrive at complete unanimity on how to address every issue, she says.

Indeed, the organizers and advisory committee members have spent the last several months debating how to create the space where that kind of open dialogue could happen in the first place.

Establishing an inclusive paradigm, it turns out, requires a deep commitment to overt intentionality.

Just getting a diverse group of folks in a room isn’t enough, in other words.

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